Rashi Genealogy. Rachel married (and divorced) Eliezer ben Shemiah. 4) Exilarchs, Gaonim and Rabbis – descendants of Zerubavel 5) Descent of Rashi from Hillel and King David 6) Rashi’s Family Circle 7) Rashi Key Chart 8) Treves, Shapira, Luria links 9) Shealtiel.com 10) Treves Family 11) Luria Family 12) Katzenellenbogen Family 13) Ancestry of the Vilna Gaon 14) Shapira 15) Everels Altshuler 16) Shrentzels בשיטת דיוקם בדבריו הלכו רבים מפרשני התלמוד עד ימינו, פירושי רש"י היו פופולריים ביותר עוד בימי חייו. "Now your wife will have a son who will illuminate the world with his Torah." And here’s how we make the subsequent leaps: Derivative to primary: The Spira/Shapira family traces back to Shmuel Shapira (b.1345), who descended from Rashi’s grandson, Isaac (1090-1130), better known as the Ribam, another famous rabbi whose works … Rashi's commentaries on the Talmud are more original and more solid in tone than those on the Scriptures. During the puja in the Modi house, Savita mocks Urmila for Rashi not starting a family yet. These answers comprise Rashi's commentary. רש"י המשיך את דרך קודמיו בתקופת ימי הביניים בפירוש המקרא והתלמוד, אך שיכלל אותה במידה רבה והתבסס מאוד על המדרשים ואגדות התלמוד בפירושו, רוב פרשני ימי הביניים המפורסמים כמו רשב"ם (נכדו של רש"י), דעת זקנים, רמב"ן ואבן עזרא הספרדיים, רחשו כבוד גדול לפירושיו. Clément-Mullet, Documents pour Servir à l' Histoire du Rabbin Salomon, Fils de Isaac, in Mémoires de la Société d'Agriculture . Rashi's celebrity rests upon his commentaries on the Bible and the Talmud, this vast task of elucidation being entirely his own, except for a few books in the one and certain treatises in the other. Rashi provided a simple explanation of all Gemarra discussions. 1525), in which, however, of Proverbs and the books of Job and Daniel the text alone was given. 2-10 (reprinted as part ii. From his teachers, Rashi imbibed all the oral traditions pertaining to the Talmud as they had been passed down for centuries, as well as an understanding of the Talmud's unique logic and form of argument. Wiesel, a descendant of Rashi, proves a consummate guide who enables us to appreciate both the lucidity of Rashi’s writings and the tumultuous world in which they were formed. Rashi completed this commentary in the last years of his life. The name of Rashi is inseparably connected with Jewish learning. Rashi, acronym of Rabbi Shlomo Yitzḥaqi, (born 1040, Troyes, Champagne—died July 13, 1105, Troyes), renowned medieval French commentator on the Bible and the Talmud (the authoritative Jewish compendium of law, lore, and commentary). Their family was not required to wear the distinctive signs of Jews. Rashi's commentaries on the Talmud became the text-book for rabbis and students, and his commentary on the Pentateuch the common study of the people. Acclaimed for his ability to present the basic meaning of the text in a concise yet lucid fashion, Rashi appeals to both learned scholars and beginning students, and his works remain a centerpiece of contemporary Jewish study. d. 9 Jun. The negative view of Esau is expressed nowhere more forcefully than in Rashi’s commentary. Rashi's influence was not confined to Jewish circles. du Département de l'Aube, 1855, xix. 1305, d. 1350 or 1370). His simple, brief explanations for practically every phrase of the Gemarra made the Talmud understandable to the non-scholar. Davidic Genealogy Links. 1527); the "Keli Yaḳar" of Solomon Ephraim of Lenchitza (Lublin, 1602); and finally the most popular one,the "Sifte Ḥakamim" of Shabbethai Bass (appearing in many Pentateuch editions by the side of Rashi's commentary.). To explain this text he endeavored to elucidate the whole, with special reference to the development and discussions of the Gemara, striving to explain the context, grammar, and etymology, as well as obscure words, and to decide the meaning and import of each opinion advanced. Welcome to some of the best Rashi genealogy resources found on the web. Samuel(RaSHBaM), Judah, and Jacob (R. Tam), were the first of a succession of tosafists who were closely identified in work and methods with Rashi. The editio princeps of Rashi on the whole of the Old Testament was called "Miḳra'ot Gedolot" (ib. The answer has to do with the history of Judea’s relationship with Esau’s eponymous descendants, the Edomites, and the connection Jews made between them, Rome, and Christianity. גם דודו, רבי שמעון הזקן, למד תורה מפי רבנו גרשום מאור הגולה באשכנז, לרש"י נולדו שלוש בנות. Yohanan TREIVISH (d. 1429) (father of Yosef TREIVISH (d. 1435), father of Rashifal Kundli Horoscope 2021 Rashifal 2021 Calendar 2021 call Talk to Astrologer Rashi's fellow yeshiva students contributed to the learning with their knowledge of international business, commodities production, farming, craftsmanship, sailing and soldiering. Shmuel SPIRA desc . A commentary on Pirḳe Abot was printed, with the text, at Mantua in 1560 and was attributed to Rashi; the critics, however, doubt that the commentary is his work. Many words in the Bible were unknown to Rashi's students, and obviously there would ask what a particular word meant and Rashi would give the answer in Old French using Hebrew transliteration. information on the descendants of RASHI. One of his grandsons was Rabenu Tam, another one - Rashbam (Rabbi Samuel ben Meir). In addition to the monumentous and basic commentary on the five books of Moses, Rashi commented on most of the books of the Tanach, meaning the prophets and other biblical writings, plus most of the often-studied tractates of the Babylonian Talmud. Find details for Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithun, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vruschika, Dhanu, Makar, Kumbha, Meena Rashi. He was president of the Sanhedrin at Jerusalem, grandson of Hillel. Fearing that his stone would be used for idolatry, his father threw the gem into the ocean. However, instead of just quoting the early rabbis, Rashi applied the stories specifically to the Bible text; often abridging them. find Rasi from your name. 143 et seq. The best known of these supercommentaries are: the "bi'urim" of Israel Isserlein (Venice, 1519); the "Sefer ha-Mizraḥi" of Elijah Mizraḥi (ib. עם זאת, הדעה המקובלת היום היא שאמנם לא היו "מהדורות" במובן המודרני, של כתיבת הפירוש מחדש, אך ברור שרש"י תיקן במשך ימיו את פירושו, כאשר השאלה היא רק מהי כמות השינויים והתיקונים שערך במהלך ימיו, והאם כשהתוספות מדברים על "מהדורה ראשונה" ו"מהדורה אחרונה" אין הם מדברים אלא על שינויי נוסחאות רגילים ולא על שינויים של רש"י עצמו, פירוש התוספות על התלמוד מנתח ומדייק בכל מילה המובאת ברש"י, פעמים שמסכים עם דבריו, ופעמים שחולק עליהם. of Toledot Gedole Yisrael, Vienna, 1882); Georges, Le Rabbin Salomon Raschi, in L'Annuaire Administratif . Rashi, unfortunately, attributed too great importance to the second process, often at the expense of the first, although he intended it, as he states on several occasions, only to elucidate the simple, obvious meaning of the text. (The bracketed numbers are references to his list of 1,612 descendants of RASHI.) 131-142; Grätz, Gesch. But in Biblical and rabbinical literature his learning was both extensive and reliable, and his numerous quotations show that he was familiar with nearly all the Hebrew and Aramaic works of his predecessors. He frequently availed himself of parallel passages in the Talmud itself, or of other productions of Talmudic literature; and when perplexed he would acknowledge it without hesitation. M. Lib. He knew and used the almost contemporary writings of Moses ha-Darshan of Narbonne and of Menahem b. Ḥelbo, of whom the former confined himself to the literal meaning of the text while the latter conceded much to the Haggadah. His grandsons became the very famous "tosepoth" scholars whom are the prime dissenters on the famous commentary of Rashi on the Talmud. Their son Yom Tov later moved to Paris and headed a yeshiva there. This harbinger was none other than the Prophet Elijah; the following year, Yitzchak and his wife were blessed with a son. Rashi's lack of scientific method, unfortunately, prevents his occupying the rank in the domain of exegesis merited by his other qualities. Rashi’s youngest grandson, Rabbi Yaakov ben Meir (Rabbenu Tam) was yet a child when Rashi died, but Rashi had a profound influence on him. In France itself, however, repeated expulsions by successive kings and the burning of Hebrew books, as at Paris in 1240, scattered the Jews and destroyed their institutions of learning. Rashi had no sons. His explanation is often the basis for all Jewish understanding of the scriptures and legal principles in Judaism. The most Rasi families were found in the USA in 1920. These transliterations provide important insights into the development of French and its pronunciation. He composed a liturgical poem, Titnem Leherpa, cursing those responsible for the destruction: "Make them a mockery, a curse, a disgrace; heap upon them a furious wrath and hateful vengeance; cast fear and panic upon them; send angels of destruction against them. Like them, and sometimes in opposition to them, Rashi began by preparing a rigid recension of the Talmud, which has become the received text, and which is the most natural and most logical, even though not invariably authentic. Son: Porat Yosef, V (b. Treves). As this enormous tree documents, Rabbi Pinchas of Koretz descended from Nathan Neta Spira (1585-1633), a prominent Polish rabbi. His commentary, which covers nearly all of the Babylonian Talmud (a total of 30 tractates), has been included in every edition of the Talmud since its first printing in the 1520s. Rashi himself, in his voluminous writings made no such claim at all. Other works attributed to Rashi are: commentaries on Genesis Rabbah (Venice, 1568; not Rashi's according to Jacob Emden in his "'Eẓ Abot," Preface) and Exodus Rabbah (Vatican MS.): "Sefer ha-Pardes," a collection of halakot and decisions (a compendium, entitled "Liḳḳuṭe ha-Pardes" [Venice, 1519], was made about 1220 by Samuel of Bamberg); "Siddur Rashi," mentioned in Tos. It is one of the greatest astrological enigmas in the zodiac circle. (In addition, Rashi himself had only daughters.) See the הוא למד אצל רבי יעקב בן יקר, רבי יצחק הלוי סג"ל ורבי יצחק בן יהודה - שלושתם מתלמידי רבנו גרשום, בתום לימודיו חזר רש"י לטרוייש והשתלב מיד בחיי החברה היהודית. Most of his explanations were not written by him. He also began answering halakhic questions. י, פירושיו על הנביאים והכתובים הם פשטניים אך נוטים עוד יותר למדרש, רש"י הוא המפרש העיקרי של מסכתות התלמוד הבבלי, אך ישנן מעט מסכתות שלא פירש או שפירושיו לא הגיעו אלינו, ומעט מסכתות שפירש רק את מקצתן. Indian Astrology Names, Hindu Baby Names by Indian Astrology A bishop (or mighty lord) wished to acquire this jewel for decorating the church (or his vestments), however rather than have this jewel be used for such a purpose, Yitzchak threw it into the Seine. Here, as in his Biblical exegesis, he followed certain models, among them the commentaries of his teachers, of which he often availed himself, although he sometimes refuted them. 1171 Troyes, France) m. Rashbam (Shmuel) (b. The same is said of Rabbi Yehuda Loewe of Prague (the Maharal). In 1096, the People's Crusade swept through the Lorraine, murdering 12,000 Jews and uprooting whole communities. One day, as Yitzchak's wife was walking down the narrow alley, two large carriages came charging through the alley. וכן במסכת מכות (דף כ"ד), וכן במסכתות נדרים ונזיר. He was born in Troyes, France, and lived from 1040 to 1105. A large number of manuscripts were read and much material bearing on the la'azim was collected by Arsène Darmesteter, but the work was interrupted by his death. His language is not only clear, but precise, taking into consideration the actual context and the probable meaning and reproducing every varying shade of thought and signification. Details and suggested letters for Hindu Birth Rashi (Moon Sign) as per vedic astrology. Since that date there have been published a great many editions of the Pentateuch with Rashi's commentary only. כך, בתחילת מסכת בבא בתרא (דף כט) נקטע פירושו, ומשם המשיך נכדו רשב"ם את הפירוש. Rashi's daughters were the three daughters and only children of the medieval Talmudic scholar, Rashi and his wife Rivka. His wife was very educated and explained many passages of the talmud. Many people today wear the "tephilin of Rashi" and a type setting in Hebrew is called the Rashi script or font due to the popularity of his commentary that was written using it. Each Rashi is associated with a sign. RASHI worked at Jewish Community of Troyes as Rabbi ... "Rashi", "רש"י", "Rashi of Troyes", "Rachi", "רבי שלמה יצחקי", Rabbi, The outstanding Torah commentator of the middle ages, בעל פירוש רש"י, Rabbi and Av Beit Din, Jewish Community of Troyes, Troyes, France. Geni requires JavaScript! son of Simcha ben Samuel. 1873; Berliner, Raschi, Commentar zum Pentateuch, Introduction, Berlin, 1866; idem, Zur Charakteristik Raschi's, in Kaufmann Gedenkbuch; Darmesteter, Reliques Scientifiques, vol. His explanation on the Torah has been translated by several different translators into English and is available at most Jewish bookstores. 1080 Ramerupt, France, d. 1158) Michigan had the highest population of Rasi … In the merit of self-sacrifice, it was decreed in heaven that the special soul of Rashi should come down and be the son of this man. Dressed as a beggar he arrived at the circumcision close to the end of the eighth day. The Rashi family name was found in the USA in 1920. (Hebr. למרות שרש"י, להבדיל מפרשני ימי הביניים הספרדים, לא היה איש מדע, פירושו הוא כאבן בוחן לשאר הפרשנים והוא מתבטא בהשקפה ריאלית על המקרא. Rashi's training bore fruit in his commentaries, possibly begun while he was still in Lorraine. It is very difficult to mention any part of the Jewish Bible with out mentioning the commentary of Rashi. In addition to the famous "tosephot" explanations and commentaries of the Talmudic literature, another grandson, Shlomo, known as the Rashbam, who was literally raised on the lap of his illustrious grandfather wrote a commentary on the five books of Moses which differs sharply with that of Rashi. On the inside margin of the page is the commentary of Rashi (R. Shlomo Yitzhaki, France (1040-1105). The popularity of the works extended to their author, and innumerable legends were woven about his name, while illustrious families claimed descent from him. One of the known teachers of Rashi was Rabbi Yaakov ben Yakar who lived in Germany, who himself was a student of the famous Rabbeinu Gershom who is still known today for placing the ban on polygamy. Their primary quality is perfect clearness: Rashi's explanations always seem adequate. הוא הצטרף לבית הדין בעיר והחל לפסוק הלכות לכל יהודי הסביבה, אך סירב לקבל שכר על תפקידו זה. Thanks to their descendant [688] Benjamin ANGEL Benjamin.Angel at cec.eu.int for information on the descendants of RASHI. 276 et seq., 458, 462.J. Whether they were derived from written sources, oral tradition, or imagination, their consistency and ingenuity are praised by scholars, who frequently draw upon them for material. רש"י מעיד באחד מפירושיו למסכת עבודה זרה (פרק חמישי) שאביו היה מלומד גדול, בניגוד לדעה הנפוצה. [10] Shlomo [11] Miriam m. (The bracketed numbers are references to his list of 1,612 descendants of RASHI.) 1096 Ramerupt, France, Yaakov remarried. The Rasi family name was found in the USA, Canada, and Scotland between 1841 and 1920. (The bracketed numbers are references to his list of information on the descendants of RASHI. In reality he was a native of Troyes, where, a century ago, butcher-shops were still shown which were built on the site of his dwelling and which flies were said never to enter. The Biblical commentaries are based on the Targumim and the Masorah, which Rashi follows, although without servile imitation. DNA Research. He assumed that his students knew the midrash; he just emphasized its immediate relevance to the TaNaCH. At twenty-five, he founded his own academy in France. His grammatical knowledge was obviously inadequate, although he was acquainted with the works of the Judæo-Spanish grammarians Menahem b. Saruḳ and Dunash b. Labraṭ, and had gained a thorough knowledge of Hebrew. Rashi's attainments appear the more remarkable when it is remembered that he confined himself to Jewish fields of learning. He explained all of the terse phrases; he explained the principles and concepts assumed by the sages who put together the Gemarra. He was seldom superficial, but studied the context thoroughly, considering every possible meaning, while avoiding distortion or artificiality. where he acquired the surname Ashkenazi. Rabbi Yaakov was an exacting critic of Rashi in many areas of commentary — and at the same time he was his staunchest defender against the criticism of outsiders. No one person seems to have had such a deep impact on Jewish learning in the past thousand years as this man has had. iv., Warsaw, 1894); Kronberg, Raschi als Exeget, Halle, 1882; idem, Parschandata; die Nordfranzösische Exegetenschule, Leipsie, 1855; Lévy, Die Exegese bei den Französischen Israeliten, ib. Rashi had no sons, but he had several daughters, some say two, some say three. Rashi's commentary on the treatise Berakot was printed with the text at Soncino in 1483. Rashi's responsum to the rabbis of Auxerre was published by Geiger in his "Melo Chofnajim" (p. 33, Berlin, 1840). M. Sel. Seven of Rashi's Selichot still exist, including Adonai Elohei Hatz'vaot", which is recited on the eve of Rosh Hashanah, and Az Terem Nimtehu, which is recited on the Fast of Gedalia. It is a feminine sign and archetype as a mother. The achievements of their leader in Biblical exegesis, a favorite study of almost all of the tosafists, were equally lasting and productive, even though later commentaries, written in imitation of Rashi's, at times surpass their model. Nicolas in his turn exercised a powerful influence on Martin Luther, whose, exegesis thus owes much, in the last analysis, to the Jewish scholar of Troyes. and cut them down to the last man." When he refused to sell it to them they threatened him physically. They are not consecutive commentaries, but detached glosses on difficult terms or phrases. A specific family being researched may descend from a number of marital ties between rabbinical families, which ultimately connect back to Katzenellenbogen, Luria, etc., and through them to Rashi. I believe that Rashi would have been a Cohen bearing the Y haplogroup of J1, but descendants carrying some of these genes would be of other lineages because of his only having daughters. In Hindu culture first letter of names are decided according to Rashi and Nakshatra at the time of birth. From this family emanated the great Biblical and Talmudic commentator Rashi (1040-1105). Upon the death of the head of the beth din, Rabbi Zerach ben Abraham, Rashi assumed the court's leadership and answered hundreds of halakhic queries. His writings circulated with great rapidity, and his commentary on the Talmud greatly extended the knowledge of the subject, thus increasing the number of Talmudic schools in France, which soon came to be of great importance, especially those at Troyes, Ramerupt, Dampierre, Paris, and Sens. Nazir and Nedarim (allotted by Reifmann, l.c., to Isaiah di Trani), and Ta'anit (Azulai, "Shem ha-Gedolim," i. Both beginners and advanced students of the Bible rely on Rashi’s groundbreaking commentary for simple text explanations and Midrashic interpretations. Rashbam (Shmuel) (b. Aron ? Moreover, he used the fewest words possible in his commentaries. ; from: The Jewish Encyclopedia: RASHI (SOLOMON BAR ISAAC), By : Joseph Jacobs Morris Liber M. Seligsohn, רש"י נולד בעיר טרואה, ('טרוייש' בלשון הימים ההם) שבצפון צרפת קרוב לשנת 1040, ונפטר בשנת 1105. The incomparable scholar Rashi, whose phrase-by-phrase explication of the oral law has been included in every printing of the Talmud since the fifteenth century, was also a spiritual and religious leader. Two of the most famous stories concern his conception and birth: Rashi's parents were childless for many years. Rashi was also a liturgist; three seliḥot of his, beginning respectively: "Adonai Elohe ha-Ẓeba'ot," "Az ṭerem nimtaḥu," and "Tannot ẓarot lo nukal," are found in the seliḥot editions; his hymn on the unity of God ("Shir 'al aḥdut habore") has not yet been published.J. Supposedly, the great French medieval sage Rashi (R. Shlomo Yitzchaki) traced his lineage to King David, although on a maternal line. [Marcus Introduction] RABBI SOLOMON BAR ISAAC (RaSHI) of Troyes (1040-11O5) is probably the best known medieval Jewish scholar. It was immediately accepted as authoritative by all Jewish communities, Ashkenazi and Sephardi alike. These two daughters were married to outstanding Torah scholars. Samuel b. Meïr, Joseph Ḳara, Joseph Bekor Shor, and Eliezer of Beaugency are the best known but by no means the only representatives of this brilliant French school, which has never won the recognition which its originality, simplicity, and boldness merit. Tradition to the contrary notwithstanding, Rashi never made the extensive journey through Europe, Asia and Africa which have been attributed to him, and accounts of which have been embellished with details of a meeting with Maimonides and of Rashi's marriage at Prague. Shmuel TREIVISH, father of, Samuel Abraham BALLIN (d. 4 April 1622 Worm), married. Rashi was the only child born to his parents, at Troyes, Champagne, northern France. Since the ban of Rabbeinu Gershom, Jewish men ceased to have more than one wife, even though the Bible permitted it. The carriages rushed by and she was unscathed. TREVES (b. Abt 1265 Treves, d. Worms, Germany). [9] Yaakov (Rabbenu Tam) (b. Their three daughter were Yocheved, Miriam and Rachel (11th - 12th century). The two principal sources from which Rashi derived his exegesis were the Talmudicmidrashicmidrashic literature and the hermeneutic processes which it employs—the "peshaṭ" and the "derash." ??? Gopi is about to step on the slippery floor when Kokila stops her. One legend connects his name with that of Godfrey de Bouillon, to whom he is said to have foretold the defeat of his expedition; while another tradition attributes to him a journey to Barcelona, in the latter part of his life, to seek a man indicated to him in a dream as destined to be his comrade in paradise. Beyond that, there is no concrete evidence as to the whereabouts of King David’s descendants. The most famous of these Tosafists was Rashi's grandson, Rabbenu Tam, who frequently disagreed with his grandfather. Yocheved's daughter, Chanah, was a teacher of laws and customs relevant to women. King David. ליוכבד ובעלה נולדה בת שהייתה נשואה לרבי שמואל בן רבי שמחה מחבר מחזור ויטרי, והיא אמו של רבי יצחק הזקן מבעלי התוספות. Pennsylvania had the highest population of Rashi families in 1920. His return to Troyes was epoch-making, for thenceforth the schools of Champagne and northern France were destined to rival, and shortly to supplant, those of the Rhenish provinces. Zunz, Salomon b. Isaac, Genannt Raschi, in Zeitschrift für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums, 1823, pp. 7), taken by some writers as "parshan data" (= "interpreter of the Law"). אחד מהם מספר שכאשר עסק בפירושו למסכת מכות, הגיע לדף י"ט, והספיק לכתוב את המילה "טהור" ואז יצאה נשמתו בטהרה. These twelve Rashi are Mesha, Vrishabha, Mithuna, Karka, Simha, Kanya, Tula, Vrishchika, Dhanu, Makara, Kumbha and Meena. . Among the Jews themselves, in the course of the eighteenth century, such Talmudists as Joel Sirkes, Solomon Luria, and Samuel Edels brought to the study of Rashi both profound learning and critical acumen; but it was Rapoport and Weiss, by their extensive use of his writings, who created the scientific study of the Talmud. . At the age of 17 Rashi married, and in the manner of young Torah scholars of the time, soon after went to learn in the yeshiva of Rabbi Yaakov ben Yakar in Worms, returning to his wife at the end of each semester. Rashi took concise, copious notes of everything he learned in yeshiva, incorporating much of this material in his later commentaries. A single word frequently suffices to summarize a remark or anticipate a question. When he arrived home, a man was waiting for him. Family exempted from wearing Jewish badge. But in the seventeenth century Joshua Höschel b. Joseph, in his "Maginne Shelomoh" (Amsterdam, 1715), a work covering several treatises, defended Rashi against the attacks of the tosafists. Legend has it that before Rashi was born, his father, Yitzchak had in his possession a very beautiful and precious gem. A graduate of Combined Jewish Philanthropy’s (CJP) Acharai program, Dana held a number of leadership positions during the nearly twenty years that she and her family lived in Boston: she served as President of Rashi’s Board of Trustees from 2010-2012, and … 50a, 52b, Berlin, 1846), and twenty-eight were published by Baer Goldberg in his "Ḥefes Maṭmonim" (Berlin, 1845). According to legend, the wall softened and accommodated her pregnant form. Son of Rabbi * Yitzchak Ben Shlomo Tzarfati, RASHI's father and Leah Miriam Tzarfati, RASHI's mother ישנן מסכתות שנחלקו לגביהן החוקרים: ספקות הועלו בנוגע לפירושו למסכת מועד קטן (מעבר לפירוש הנדפס, ישנם כתבי יד של שני פירושים אחרים המיוחסים לו, ויש הטוענים שאף אחד מהם אינו שלו, ושלא כתב פירוש למסכת זו), למסכת תענית, פרק חלק במסכת סנהדרין, חלקים ממסכת זבחים ומסכת מנחות, כמו גם מסכת הוריות ותמיד בכללותן. It is not difficult to retransliterate them into French, as they are transcribed according to a definite system, despite frequent corruptions by the copyists. transl., vol. Rashi was the outstanding Biblical commentator of the Middle Ages. We now have the answers, but the trick to studying Rashi is to figure out what the problem was with the text or the grammar of a given word. Note that Rabbi Jechiel LURIA also was a descendant of Rashi. It is difficult to find an institution of Jewish learning today that does not learn Rashi's various explanations. Find Naam Rasi i.e. His concern was for every word in the text which need elaboration or explanation. Now think the scenario "what will happen if no one has any name and we have to discuss about someone in front of other people." His last years were saddened by the massacres which took place at the outset of the first Crusade (1095-1096), in which he lost relatives and friends. Share some things about the RASHI descendants … 1090 Falais, d. 1140), [7] Ribam (Rabbi Isaac II ben Meir) (b. Ramerupt, d. Regensburg, Germany). About 1070 he founded a school which attracted many disciples and which became still more important after the death of his own preceptors. Then he moved to Mainz, where he studied under another of his relatives, Rabbi Isaac ben Judah, the rabbinic head of Mainz and one of the leading sages of the Lorraine region straddling France and Germany. He was born in Troyes, France, and lived from 1040 to 1105, surviving the massacres of the First Crusade through Europe. הבכורה שבהן, יוכבד, נישאה לרבי מאיר בן שמואל ומהם נולדו ארבעה נכדים: שמואל הוא הרשב"ם, יעקב הוא רבנו תם מבעלי התוספות, הריב"ם, ושלמה שנפטר בצעירותו. This was about 40% of all the recorded Rashi's in the USA. Shortly after his death he was known not only in Provence, but in Spain and even in the East. Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaki, Rashi, French commentator on Bible and Talmud; born at Troyes in 1040; died there July 13, 1105. The fame of Rashi soon spread beyond the boundaries of northern France and the German provinces of the Rhine. Leadership. A list of general rules to which he conforms and which may be found in his Biblical commentaries presents the rudiments of an introduction to the Bible, resembling the collection of principles formulated by him in his commentaries on the Talmud and constituting an admirable Talmudic methodology. To this day, an indentation in the size, height and shape of a woman's pregnant belly in the wall of the Rashi Shul (1175) is shown to visitors to the city. Rashi most likely exercisedthe functions of rabbi in his native city, but he seems to have depended for support chiefly on his vineyards and the manufacture of wine. Legend notwithstanding, he knew neither foreign languages, except French and a few words of German, nor secular science, save something of the practical arts. Rashi's mishnaic commentary was printed with the Basel 1580 (the order Ṭohorot) and the Leghorn 1654 (all six orders) editions. Rashi's commentary on the Talmud was even more important than his TaNaCh commentary. The first and fourth of these works were published respectively at Constantinople in 1805 and at Berlin in 1892, and editions of the remaining two have been projected by Buber. We hope you will participate on the Rashi forums, it is a great place to find or post information on Rashi genealogy and is completely free to participate. His father was his main Torah teacher until his death when Rashi was still a youth. The Talmud was written in legalese: terse, unexplained language with no punctuation. [10] Shlomo [11] Miriam m. Although Rashi became one of the greatest scholars of his time and wrote on most of the basic Jewish texts, he had a house of study where he taught students also. Today on every page of Talmud you can find Rashi's commentary surrounding the text on the inside of the page, and the Tosafot surrounding the text on the outside of the page. עם זאת, כשני שליש מפירוש רש"י למקרא מבוסס על מדרשי חז"ל, ועיקר מלאכתו הייתה בסינון הדברים המתאימים לפשוטו של מקרא או המוסיפים תוספות נחוצות, ובניסוחם בדרך קצרה, שילוב המדרש בפירוש המקרא, במקום ובמידה הנחוצה ללומד, מאפשר גם הבנת המקור המקראי ליסודות הלכתיים ולמדרשים (פעמים תוך ניתוח דיוק לשון המקרא). 114 (MS. owned by Luzzatto); "Dine Niḳḳur ha-Basar" (Mantua, 1560), laws of porging. Legend states also that his mother, imperiled in one of the narrow streets of Worms during her pregnancy, pressed against a wall, which opened to receive her. מקום קבורתו נשכח במשך הדורות, מדרשי אגדה רבים סופרו על חייו ופטירתו. The idolaters were incessant in their demands for the precious stone and offered exorbitant sums of money to Rashi's father. על פי הידע הרב שהוא מפגין בנוגע לגידול גפנים וההרחבה היתרה שהוא נוקט במקומות הקשורים להם, היו ששיערו שהתפרנס מגידול כרמים או ממסחר ביין, אך לדברי הרב חיים סולובייצ'יק האקלים באזורו של רש"י לא התאים לגידול יין, ואם כן לא ברור במה עסק. Who We Are. In 1880 there were 3 Rasi families living in Michigan. The responsa of Rashi throw a flood of light on the character of both their author and his period. In addition to becoming outstanding scholars, Rashi's grandchildren dispersed though out Europe and were responsible for the increase in the level of Talmudic learning among the European Jewry. Rashi had no sons, but his three daughters, Yocheved, Miriam and Rachel, all married Talmudic scholars. There is no article on Rashi that can take the place of actually learning his commentary. He had two daughters (some say he had three daughters). Rashi Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaki, better known by the acronym Rashi, (February 22, 1040 – July 13, 1105), was a rabbi from France, famed as the author of the first comprehensive commentaries on the Talmud, Torah and Tanakh (Hebrew Bible). The editio princeps of the whole of the Talmud, with Rashi, is that of Venice, 1520-22. The original printed Bible text by Daniel Bomberg in 1517 included Rashi's commentary. בתו השנייה של רש"י, מרים, נישאה לרבי יהודה בר נתן (ריב"ן) ולהם נולד רבי יום-טוב. He and his wife lived in the Jewish quarter and attended the small synagogue there, awaiting the birth of their child. Father of Miriam Bat RASHI Ben Natan; Yocheved bat RASHI Kalonimus and Rachel bat Rashi. The chief of this group was his grandson, Yaakov, known as Rabbainu Tam. 111. Left France between 1285 and 1314 Information from David SOLOMON, Wiesel, a descendant of Rashi, proves a consummate guide who enables us to appreciate both the lucidity of Rashi’s writings and the tumultuous world in which they were formed. Several legends surrounding Rashi's birth have passed into Jewish folklore. This section is a placeholder for information about the RASHI descendants surname. The most important of these collections are: the "Sefer ha-Pardes," often attributed to Rashi himself, but in reality composed of two others, one of which was probably made by Rashi's pupil Shemaiah; the "Sefer ha-Orah," also compiled from two other works, the first containing fragments which apparently date from the time of Rashi's followers; the "Sefer Issur we-Hetter"; the "Maḥzor Vitry," a more homogeneous work (with additions by Isaac b. Dorbolo), compiled by Simḥah of Vitry, a pupil of Rashi, who introduced into it, in the order of the events of the ecclesiastical year, his teacher's laws of jurisprudence and his responsa. Another legend further states that he died and was buried in Prague.J. Choose a precious name for your baby according to birth Rashi based on birth star. They each married their father's finest students and were the mothers of the leaders of the next generation of French Talmudic scholars. Above, we read of the census of the Jewish people, and below we read of the census of the Levites. His most noted pupils were Simḥah of Vitry and Shemaiah, who were his kinsmen, and Judah b. Abraham, Joseph b. Judah, and Jacob b. Samson. Among those murdered in Worms were the three sons of Rabbi Isaac ben Eliezer Halevi, Rashi's teacher. official His is one of the master-minds of rabbinical literature, on which he has left the imprint of his predominant characteristics—terseness and clearness. Modern scholars, however, have shown that the commentaries on the following treatises do not belong to Rashi: Keritot and Me'ilah (Zunz, in his "Zeitschrift," p. 368), Mo'ed Ḳaṭan (Reifmann, in "Monatsschrift," iii. On his father's side, Rashi has been claimed to be a 33rd-generation descendant of Johanan HaSandlar, who was a fourth-generation descendant of Gamaliel, who was reputedly descended from the Davidic line. Yet it is never diffuse; its terseness is universally conceded. See RASHI in the following family trees and more: ---------------------------------------------------------, רבינו שלמה בן רבינו יצחק ז״ל טרייוויש רש״י, --------------------------------------------------------. His numerous grandsons, due to their constant use of Rashi's explanations on the Talmud and their disagreement with it, caused a great increase in the study of the Talmud and in the level of understanding. This was 100% of all the recorded Rasi's in the USA. "You threw the gemstone into the water so it wouldn't be used for idolatry," the man told him. He returned to Troyes and founded his own yeshiva in 1067. It is assumed in traditional circles that when you read the TaNaCh, you also read Rashi. Rashi calculator E very person is known and called by his name. This miraculous niche is still shown there, as well as the bench from which Rashi taught. Noda b'Yehuda website for more information. Another legend tells that Yitzchak decided to move temporarily to the city of Worms, Germany. 1206, d. 1268 Acre, Palestine). Two other responsa are to be found in Judah b. Asher's "Zikron Yehudah" (pp. Rashi is the acronym for Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki, a French Jew who was born in Troyes, a city in the north of France in 1040. Several decisions found in the "Sefer ha-Pardes" are separately quoted as Rashi's. His commentaries, which appear in all printed editions of the Talmud and most printed editions of the Torah (notably the Chumash), are an indispensable aid to both casual and serious students of Judaism's primary texts. Home. As a matter of fact, however, Rashi merely studied at Worms for a time, his first teacher being Jacob b. Yaḳar, of whom he speaks with great veneration. Born in Troyes, Rashi departed while in his teens to study at the Yeshivot of Mainz and Worms. Jigar saves Rashi from getting reprimanded by Kokila. Rashbam (Shmuel) (b. Apparently, students would ask him questions about the text, or he would rhetorically ask questions about specific words, and a student would write his short, lucid answers in the margin of the parchment text. Pes. In every case Rashi's authority carried a weight equal to that of the leading "poseḳim," and it would have had still more influence if his rulings and his responsa, which his disciples carefully noted—as they did also even his slightest acts and gestures—had been united in one collection, as was the case with the Spanish and German Talmudists, instead of being scattered through a number of compilations. Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi , (Hebrew: רבי שלמה יצחקי ), better known by the acronym Rashi (Hebrew: ‏רש"י ‎) Watch Saath Nibhaana Saathiya 2 - Hindi Family TV Serial on Disney+ Hotstar now. The acronym is sometimes also fancifully expanded as Rabban Shel Israel, or as Rabbenu SheYichyeh" (רבינו שיחיה), our Rabbi, may he live. This universal esteem is attested by the numerous works of which his commentaries were the subject, among them being the supercommentaries of Elijah Mizraḥi and Shabbethai Bass, which have passed through numerous editions and copies, while Rashi's commentary on the Pentateuch is the first Hebrew work of which the date of publication is known (Reggio, Feb., 1475). It is related that the prophet Eliyahu was given the honor of holding the baby Rashi on his lap for his circumcision. That commentary became so popular that there are now more than 200 commentaries on his commentary. It is thought by some that Rashi earned his living as a vintner since Rashi shows an extensive knowledge of its utensils and process, but there is no evidence for this. . The French Jews carried their literature with them and diffused it among foreign communities, in which its popularity steadily increased. Throughout these persecutions the Bible and the Talmud, with the commentaries of Rashi, were their inseparable companions, and were often their supreme as well as their only solace, and the chief bond of their religious unity. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. His commentaries contain 3,157 la'azim, forming a vocabulary of 2,000 words, a certain number of which are contained in later Hebrew-French glossaries. 168). As a youth, Rashi studied the traditional Jewish subjects with some of the greatest Talmudic scholars of that period. According to tradition, Rashi's father carried his religious zeal so far that he cast into the sea a gem that was much coveted by Christians, whereupon he heard a mysterious voice which foretold him the birth of a noble son. Rashi's surname Yitzhaki derives from his father's name, Yitzhak. He had no sons, but three daughters, of whom Miriam and Jochebed married two of his pupils, Judah b. Nathan and Meïr b. Samuel; so that his family became, in a sense, the diffusers of rabbinical learning in France. Thus the French monk Nicolas de Lyre (d. 1340), the author of the "Postillæ Perpetuæ" on the Bible, was largely dependent on the commentaries of Rashi, which he regarded as an official repository of rabbinical tradition, although his explanations occasionally differed from theirs. חלק מהפיוטים אותם כתב נוהגים לומר האשכנזים בסליחות. Yocheved married Meir ben Shmuel—their four sons were Shmuel (the Rashbam) (1085-1174), Yaakov (Rabbeinu Tam) (c. 1100- c. 1171), and Yitzchak (the Rivam)—who were known as the Baalei Tosafos—and the grammarian Shlomo, who died young. Rashi's father, however, refused to start until a strange beggar appeared close to the sunset. Rashi sometimes translates words and entire propositions into French, these passages, written in Hebrew characters and forming an integral part of the text, being called "la'azim." As a rule, Rashi confined himself strictly to commentatorial activity, although he frequently deemed it necessary to indicate what was the halakah, the definite solution of a problem in cases in which such a solution was the subject of controversy or doubt, or could not readily be discerned amid the mass of Talmudic controversy, or was indispensable for a clear comprehension either of a text under consideration or of passages relating to it. If the merit of a work be proportionate to the scientific activity which it evokes, the literature to which it gives rise, and the influence which it exerts, few books can surpass those of Rashi. The chief subjects of discussion are the wine of non-Jews and the relations between Jews and baptized Jews (possibly an echo of the times of the Crusades). One day, his father, a poor vintner, found a valuable gem (some versions say a pearl). The major early rabbinical source about his ancestry, Responsum No. (b. Rashi is also important for students of French. Although they argue strongly against many of Rashi's explanations in the Talmud, it is only with the greatest respect that they differ with him. בפירושו לתלמוד הוא מאופיין בכך שבניגוד לפירוש התוספות שמנסה לגבש אחידות בכל התלמוד, רש"י בפירושו אינו מנסה ליישב סתירות, עיקרם של ספרי ההלכה הקדמונים מחזור ויטרי, ספר האורה וספר הפרדס, המכונים "ספרי דבי רש"י" נכתבו על ידי רש"י או על ידי תלמידיו, על פי פסקיו, רש"י גם שלח ידו במלאכת הפיוט, וחיבר מספר קינות על מסע הצלב שהיה בימי חייו. Although there are many legends about his travels, Rashi likely never went further than from the Seine to the Rhine; the utmost limit of his travels were the yeshivot of Lorraine. However, both commentaries from Rashi and his grandsons the Baalei Tosafos on the Talmud Eruvin shows their view that such actions are not acceptable under Jewish law, even as early as the Davidic reign of ancient Israel. 277-384 (Hebrew transl., with additional notes, by Bloch, Lemberg, 1840; 2d ed., Warsaw, 1862); Weiss, Rabbenu Shelomh bar Yiẓḥaḳ, in Bet-Talmud, ii., Nos. Hence, names of most people are directly associated to Rashi. On his father Yitzchak's side, he has been claimed by many to be a 33rd generation descendant of Rabbi Yochanan Hasandlar, who was a fourth generation descendant of Rabban Gamaliel Hazaken (the Elder) who was reputedly descended from the royal house of King David. Rashi's teachers were students of Rabbeinu Gershom and Rabbi Eliezer Hagadol, leading Talmudists of the previous generation. This is perhaps the best place to understand the traditional Jewish ideas and philosophies in the Bible. However, Rashi's father recognized that this beggar was the prophet Eliyahu and gave him the special honors reserved for important personages. Some idolaters heard about this gem and wanted to acquire it to place it in the crown of their idol. במקביל היה עליו לפרנס את אשתו ובנותיו. No other commentaries have been the subject of so many supercommentaries as those of Rashi. The name of Yarḥi, applied to him as early as the sixteenth century, originated in a confusion of Solomon bar Isaac with one Solomon de Lunel, and a further error caused the town of Lunel to be regarded as Rashi's birthplace. 229, who credits the commentary on this treatise to Gershon Me'or ha-Golah). In 1920 there were 2 Rashi families living in Pennsylvania. Just as the monks were concentrating on deep philosophical discussions of Christian theology, France's Jewish scholars were focusing on the Talmud and its text. Rashi by Eliezer Cohen, The Jewish Magazine, 33'rd generation to Rabbi Yohanan the Sandler, 4th generation to Rabban Gamliel the Elder, son of Shimon the Nassi (President), son of Hillel the Elder, of Shfatia ben Avital - son of King David. A wide familiarization with many rabbinical families may yield the link being sought, although it can be very much a case of looking for a needle in a haystack. Rumours exist that his daughters put on tefillin (Jewish Ritual objects). There was no room to escape; she turned to the wall and pressed herself against it. The society, which is to be known as Association of the Descendants of Rashi has its offices at present at 320 Grand Street, New York. Cancer is the fourth sign of the zodiac who loves to run deep. Surname information is crowd-sourced; the Geni community would be grateful if you helped update this page with information about the RASHI descendants surname. Susan Roth. In this way, the Luria family also traces its lineage through the Maharshal and Rashi, in its case, through one of Rashi’s daughter’s descendants, Miriam Schapira. 1080 Ramerupt, France, d. 1158) Jochaved remarried ???. עוד אגדה מספרת שבשעת פטירתו יצאה בת קול ואמרה: "עתידים כל ישראל להיות בניך", רש"י פירש כמעט את כל התנ"ך כולו: פירושו על המקרא הוא הפירוש הפשטי ביותר מביניהם. When Rabbi Yaakov died in 1064, Rashi continued learning in Worms for another year in the yeshiva of his relative, Rabbi Isaac ben Eliezer Halevi, who was also chief rabbi of Worms. These glosses are of value not only as expressions of the author's thought, but as providing material for the reconstruction of Old French, both phonologically and lexicographically. Title: Descendants of Shlomo Itzhaki RASHI Author: Nahum Last modified by: USER Created Date: 12/21/2010 9:47:00 AM Company: TAU Other titles: Descendants of Shlomo Itzhaki RASHI A group is formed at Family Tree DNA called the Halpern and Branches, part of the Jewish Heritage Project. בתו השלישית נקראה רחל, ומלבד שנישאה לתלמיד חכם בשם רבנו אפרים, לא ידוע עליה דבר, רש"י למד בישיבות מגנצא (מיינץ) וורמיזא (וורמס) שבאשכנז מגיל 20 עד הגיעו לגיל 30, ושם עוצב עולמו הרוחני.