2 The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. They fetch the ark from Shiloh; receive it with a great shout, to the terror of the Philistines, 1 Samuel 4:3-8; who yet take courage, and a second time beat the Israelites: the ark is taken; the two sons of Eli are slain, 1 Samuel 4:9-11; which Eli hearing, falleth backward from his seat, and breaketh his neck, 1 Samuel 4:12-18. There were several Apheks in Palestine; but the mention of Eben-ezer determines this "Aphek" to be in the south, among the mountains of Judah, near the western entrance of the pass of Beth-horon, and consequently on the borders of the Philistine territory. The first encounter at Aphek being unsuccessful, the Israelites determined to renew the engagement in better circumstances. The two armies are very much alike, and we may say that the purpose of the picture is to show how Israel was practically heathen, taking just the same views of its relation to God which the Philistines did. The joy of the Israelites was an emotion springing out of the same superstitious sentiments as the corresponding dismay of their enemies; and to afford them a convincing, though painful proof of their error, was the ulterior object of the discipline to which they were now subjected--a discipline by which God, while punishing them for their apostasy by allowing the capture of the ark, had another end in view--that of signally vindicating His supremacy over all the gods of the nations. 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel—The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. Conflict Between Saul and David A. David, Jonathan, and Saul. ELI HEARING THE TIDINGS. But the subject of that prophecy was not all Israel, but Eli and his house, as is evident. At all events, the Philistines were the aggressors ( 1 Samuel 4:2 ). The boy-prophet, as he passed out of childhood into manhood, does not appear at first to have recognised the depth of moral degradation into which Israel had sunk, or to have seen that it was utterly hopeless to attempt to free the people from the yoke of their Philistine foes until something like a pure national religion was restored. Eben-ezer . Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:12-18 (Read 1 Samuel 4:12-18 ) The defeat of the army was very grievous to Eli as a judge; the tidings of the death of his two sons, to whom he had been so indulgent, and who, as he had reason to fear, died impenitent, touched him as a father; yet there was a greater concern on his spirit. CAN UNDERSTAND THE BIBLE! It is not improbable that the rising influence of the young prophet had alarmed the jealous fears of the Philistines. Verse 3 Let us fetch the ark - They vainly supposed that the ark could save them, when the God of it had departed from them because of their wickedness. He was a good man, in spite of his unhappy weaknesses. 1 Samuel 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? The high qualities which in his prime had, no doubt, raised Eli to the first place in the nation, in his old age were almost totally obscured by a weak affection for his unworthy sons. (19-22)1-9 Israel is smitten before the Philistines. 1 Samuel 4:1-11 . 6 And the L ord called again, “Samuel!” and Samuel arose and went to Eli and In Aphek.—With the article, “the fortress.” Perhaps the same place as the old Canaauitish royal city Aphek. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 1:4-20 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This appears to be a story only about a childless woman who brings her problem to the Lord and finds help. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It would be toward the western frontier of Judah, not very far from Mizpeh of Benjamin, and near Shiloh 1 Samuel 4:4. Buscar en1 Samuel 4 por versículo 1 Samuel 4:1 1 Samuel 4:2 1 Samuel 4:3 1 Samuel 4:4 1 Samuel 4:5 1 Samuel 4:6 1 Samuel 4:7 1 Samuel 4:8 1 Samuel 4:9 1 Samuel 4:10 1 Samuel 4:11 1 Samuel 4:12 1 Samuel 4:13 1 Samuel 4:14 1 Samuel 4:15 His seat was an official chair, similar to those of the ancient Egyptian judges, richly carved, superbly ornamented, high, and without a back. Cp. Eli is aged, both … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Samuel 3:1-10 [11-20]" Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 4 and more! 1 SAMUEL Samuel, Saul, David By Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics (Biblical interpretation) STUDY GUIDE COMMENTARY SERIES OLD TESTAMENT, VOL. Or rather, secondly, A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that so they might be first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared by degrees for their future deliverance. Since the Philistine servitude lasted forty years Judges 13:1, and seems to have terminated in the days of Samuel 1 Samuel 7:13-14 in about the 20th year of his judgeship 1 Samuel 7:2; and since it had already begun before the birth of Samson Judges 13:5, and Samson judged Israel for 20 years "in the days of the Philistines" Judges 15:20, it seems to follow that the latter part of the judgeship of Eli and the early part of that of Samuel must have been coincident with the lifetime of Samson. "It is true that as we receive the grace and love of God in our lives we are expected to give it … Went out— To meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their loss by Samson, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, and assisted… now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle; according to the word of Samuel, or of the Lord by him; though Ben Gersom thinks they did this of themselves, which was their sin, and did not ask counsel of the Lord, nor of Samuel his prophet; but it seems as if the Philistines were the aggressors, and first came forth to war against them, and they went out to meet them (a), as the word is, and defend themselves as it became them: this was forty years after the death of Samson, and at the end of Eli's government, who judged Israel so many years, when they had recruited themselves, and recovered their losses they sustained by Samson; and when they perceived a new judge was raised up among the Israelites, who was likely to be of great service to them, and to prevent their authority over them, and therefore thought to begin with them as soon as possible: and pitched beside Ebenezer; a place so called by anticipation, and had its name from an later victory obtained, when Samuel set up a stone between Mizpeh and Shen, and called it by this name, 1 Samuel 7:12, it signifies a stone of help: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek; a city in the tribe of Judah, bordering on the Philistines; see Gill on Joshua 12:18. Entablado el combate, Israel fue derrotado delante de los filisteos, quienes mataron como a cuatro mil hombres en el campo de batalla. Eben-ezer - (or, the stone of help) The place was afterward so named by Samuel. Israel went out against the Philistines to battle—that is, to resist this new incursion. A judge was more than a person who presided over a courtroom. It is, however, much more. (10,11) The death of Eli. In his intense anxiety to learn the issue of the battle, he took up his usual place as the most convenient for meeting with passers-by. At all events, the Philistines were the aggressors (1Sa 4:2). Samuel grew up to manhood in the midst of this state of things. 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel--The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. But it is more probable that they were influenced by the heathenish ideas of their idolatrous neighbors, who carried their idol Dagon, or his sacred symbols, to their wars, believing that the power of their divinities was inseparably associated with, or residing in, their images. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. ISRAEL OVERCOME BY THE PHILISTINES. All rights reserved. A word of command, that all Israel should go forth to fight with the Philistines, as the following words explain it, that they might he first humbled and punished for their sins, and so prepared for deliverance. 1 Samuel 4:12-22 . Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. Eben-ezer … Aphek—Aphek, which means "strength," is a name applied to any fort or fastness. 1 SAMUEL 4 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE 1And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. There were several Apheks in Palestine; but the mention of Eben-ezer determines this "Aphek" to be in the south, among the mountains of Judah, near the western entrance of the pass of Beth-horon, and consequently on the borders of the Philistine territory. TIMELINE OF THE BOOKS OF SAMUEL, KINGS & CHRONICLES 1107 1011 971 931 853 722 586 1 Samuel 2 Samuel 1 Kings 1 Kings 2 Kings 31 1-4 5-10 11-20 21-24 1-11 12-22 1-17 18-25 1Chr 10 1 Chr 11-19 1 Chr 20-29 2 Chronicles 1-9 2 Chronicles 10-20 Against the Philistines; or, to meet the Philistines, who having by this time recruited themselves after their great loss by Samson, Judges 16:30, and perceiving an eminent prophet arising among them, by whom they were likely to be united, counselled, and assisted, thought fit to suppress them in the beginning of their hopes and designs of rescuing themselves from their power. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. Then the Israelites > went out > to fight > > the Philistines >. The calamities announced to Samuel as about to fall upon the family of Eli [ 1 Samuel 2:34 ] were now inflicted in the death of his two sons, and after his death, by that of his daughter-in-law, whose infant son received a name that perpetuated the fallen glory of the church and nation [ 1 Samuel 4:19-22 ]. They had kept the Israelites in some degree of subjection ever since the death of Samson and were determined, by further crushing, to prevent the possibility of their being trained by the counsels, and under the leadership, of Samuel, to reassert their national independence. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. 1 Samuel 1:4-20, Pentecost 24, Commentary, Background, Insights from Literary Structure, Theological Message, Ways to Present the Text. 1 Samuel Commentary > chapter 4 The death of Eli 1 Samuel 4:12-18 At Shiloh, perhaps nobody waited in a more anxious manner for news from Israel’s battle than Eli did. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The Philistines Capture the Ark Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. Eli sat upon a seat by the wayside--The aged priest, as a public magistrate, used, in dispensing justice, to seat himself daily in a spacious recess at the entrance gate of the city. 1. The want of an "open vision" was supplied by him, for "none of his words were let fall to the ground" (1Sa 3:19); and to his residence in Shiloh all the people of Israel repaired to consult him as an oracle, who, as the medium of receiving the divine command, or by his gift of a prophet, could inform them what was the mind of God. 3-9. Aphek--Aphek, which means "strength," is a name applied to any fort or fastness. Samuel and the nobler spirits in Israel, who thirsted to restore their nation to freedom and to purity, needed a sharp and bitter experience before they could successfully attempt the deliverance of the people; so the first call to arms resulted in utter disaster, and the defeat at Aphek—the result, we believe, of the summons of Samuel—was the prelude to the crushing blow to the pride of Israel which soon after deprived them of their leaders, their choicest warriors, and, above all, of their loved and cherished “Ark of the Covenant,” the earthly throne of their unseen King, the symbol of His ever-presence in their midst. Let us fetch the ark of the covenant of the Lord out of Shiloh unto us--Strange that they were so blind to the real cause of the disaster and that they did not discern, in the great and general corruption of religion and morals ( 1 Samuel 2:22-25 , 7:3 , Psalms 78:58 ), the reason why the presence and aid of God were not extended to them. And pitched beside Eben-ezer.—“The stones of help.” The name was not given to the place until later, when Samuel set up a stone to commemorate a victory he gained, some twenty years after, over the Philistines. of Proud member Read the story from 1 Samuel 17, then consider the lessons below, and see what one of the most surprising reversals in the Bible can show us about our place in God The public disaster was completed by the capture of the ark. Such sinners God often makes quick work with. 4 Then the L ord called Samuel, and he said, “Here I am!” 5 and ran to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But he said, “I did not call; lie down again.” So he went and lay down. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible 1 Samuel 4:1-11. . Individual instances of piety and loyalty to the God of their fathers, such as we see-in the house of Elkanah, even though such instances were not unfrequent of themselves, would have been totally insufficient to preserve the nation from the decay which always follows impiety and corruption. These two companion pictures are worth looking at. His daughter-in-law falls in labour, nameth her son Ichabod, and dieth, 1 Samuel 4:19-22. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. Israel overcome by the Philistines. Test your knowledge of the bible passage: 1 Samuel 4-8 Who told the Philistines that they must send the ark of the covenant back in a wagon pulled by 2 cows that had never the word of Samuel came to all Israel — The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. 1 Samuel 4 The predictions in the foregoing chapters concerning the ruin of Eli's house here begin to be fulfilled; how long after does not appear, but certainly not long. 13-18. . So strongly were his sensibilities enlisted on the side of religion, that the news of the capture of the ark proved to him a knell of death; and yet his overindulgence, or sad neglect of his family--the main cause of all the evils that led to its fall--has been recorded, as a beacon to warn all heads of Christian families against making shipwreck on the same rock. But, on the other hand, the Israelites were rash and inconsiderate in rushing to the field without obtaining the sanction of Samuel as to the war, or having consulted him as to the subsequent measures they took. But, on the other hand, the Israelites were rash and inconsiderate in rushing to the field without obtaining the sanction of Samuel as to the war, or having consulted him as to the subsequent measures they took. note on 1 Samuel 4:21. the two sons of Eli … were there with the ark] It seems best to follow the Sept. and Vulg. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 4 and more! 5A ISBN: 978-1-892691-33-0 BIBLE LESSONS As the chief priest, Eli probably knew his responsibilities well. There were a number of Apheks in Palestine, but the mention of nearby Ebenezer indicates that this one was in the south near the entrance of Beth-horon near the Philistine border. Session 1 Answered (1 Samuel 1:10-18,26-28) 6 Session 2 King (1 Samuel 8:4-9,19-22) 16 1Sa 4:1-9 The first words of this paragraph, which relate to Samuel, that his word came to all Israel, seem not to have any reference to the following story, as if it was by any direction of his that the Israelites went out against the Philistines. But, instead of cherishing a spirit of deep humiliation and sincere repentance, instead of resolving on the abolition of existing abuses, and the re-establishing of the pure faith, they adopted what appeared an easier and speedier course--they put their trust in ceremonial observances, and doubted not but that the introduction of the ark into the battlefield would ensure their victory. 1Sa 4:1-11. The compiler of the book, in his relation of the young prophet’s error, touches upon an important feature of his great life. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 4 Posted on Oct 19, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute Add to my study list Login or Create an Account With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! See the marginal references. 1 Samuel 4:3 - 1 Samuel 4:5 give us a glimpse into the camp of Israel, and 1 Samuel 4:6 - 1 Samuel 4:9 into that of the Philistines. In recommending this extraordinary step, the elders might recollect the confidence it imparted to their ancestors ( Numbers 10:35 , 14:44 ), as well as what had been done at Jericho. (1 Samuel 4:1). Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. A terrible picture of the corruption of the priesthood is presented to us during the last period of Eli’s reign. The opening chapters of 1 Samuel provide background for the institution of Israel’s monarchy. Israel went out against the Philistines —, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 8:4-20; 11:14-15 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 7 told us that Samuel served as a judge over Israel “all the days of his life” (7:15). (1Sa 18:1-4) The friendship between David and Jonathan. Ebenezer; a place so called here (by anticipation) from a following event, 1 Samuel 7:12. They had kept the Israelites in some degree of subjection ever since the death of Samson and were determined, by further crushing, to prevent the possibility of their being trained by the counsels, and under the leadership, of Samuel, to reassert their national independence. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. The first encounter at Aphek being unsuccessful, the Israelites determined to renew the engagement in better circumstances.The Israelites are smitten by the Philistines at Eben-ezer, 1 Samuel 4:1,2. Evans’ commentary offers a clear and compelling exposition of David's theological perspective. Israel Overcome by the Philistines. 1-samuel 4:2 And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel: and when they joined battle, Israel was smitten before the Philistines: and they slew of the army in the field about four thousand men. the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people; either, first, The prophetical word mentioned before, 1 Samuel 3:11, &c., which is here said to come, or to come to pass, as it was foretold, to all Israel. 1 Samuel 5:6 Hebrew; Septuagint and Vulgate tumors. Their first measure for restoring the national spirit and energy ought to have been a complete reformation--a universal return to purity of worship and morals. The story is familiar to many of us. 1 Samuel 4:2 Los filisteos se pusieron en orden de batalla para enfrentarse a Israel. We'll send you an email After a narrative on the Hannah’s unlikely pregnancy (1 Samuel 1) and her accompanying prayer (1 Samuel 2), 1 Samuel 3 describes the call narrative for the Israelite leader. David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 4 describes how the Ark of the Covenant is captured by the Philistines, and the sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, die. It is not improbable that the rising influence of the young prophet had alarmed the jealous fears of the Philistines. 1-samuel 4:1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. 4 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel.The Philistines Capture the Ark Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. 1 samuel 4 commentary 1. Here is, I.